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Will ducks sit on dead eggs? +11 Other Fun Facts

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Ducks are remarkable creatures that rely on successful egg incubation and hatching to keep their species thriving. Unfortunately, in the wild and in the backyard, female ducks can encounter several issues that can prevent their eggs from developing and hatching live ducklings.

The entire incubation process from the egg laying to the hatching is an intricate and captivating adventure for any waterfowl.

Female ducks must meticulously prepare for and then care for their eggs in the hopes that they will all hatch into strong and resilient ducklings.

Ducks are often rather private birds and there are several interesting facts about duck incubation and hatching that most people do not know.

1. Ducks use some of their own feathers to build their nest.

duck nest

Ducks must build and insulate their own nests before they lay any eggs. A duck will even pull out most of the down or extra soft feathers that cover her belly and use them in her nest as a type of insulator.

This added layer will help keep heat within the nest. The belly feather removal allows her abdominal area to serve as a direct, uncovered source of heat for her eggs. (source)

2. Ducks lay a clutch of eggs.

A clutch of eggs is the final group of eggs that a single duck lays during a specific nesting/incubation period. Clutches can vary in size depending on the breed of the duck and their surrounding resources.

A healthy duck with a lot of food nearby will lay a larger clutch of eggs than a skinnier duck that is having trouble finding enough food sources. (source)

3. Ducks can lay their eggs for up to 10 days before incubation begins.

After preparing her nest, a female duck will lay her clutch of eggs for up to 10 days. During this time, the duck will not sit on the eggs, apart from the short time it takes to lay an egg.

Once she is done laying, she will begin sitting on the eggs. She will make sure all the eggs have close contact to her smooth belly for added warmth.

4. Duck eggs are laid on different days, but they will hatch around the same time!

mother duck seating on egg

The incubation period starts when the internal temperature of the egg reaches 99.5°F, which happens only when the duck begins continuously sitting on her clutch of eggs. After sitting begins, no more eggs will be laid or added to the nest.

This means that although the eggs in the nest could have been laid up to 10 days apart, they will still hatch around the same time because the incubation timer began at the same time. (source)

5. A duck will stay on the nest for at least 20 hours a day!

Ducks that are incubating eggs cannot leave their nest for too long or they risk impeding the development of their eggs due to lack of constant heat.

It also leaves her eggs at the mercy of potential predators, so she will only leave for up to an hour at a time and typically 3 or less times a day.

This means that altogether, ducks will sit on their nest for around 20-23 hours each day! (source)

6. Incubation periods can last between 26 and 37 days.

On average, it usually takes about 28 days for duck eggs to incubate and hatch. While most ducks including Pekin ducks will likely hatch after 28 days or so, other breeds may take noticeably longer.

The Muscovy duck eggs are known to need up to 37 days of incubation to hatch successfully.

It is important to allow ducks to maintain access to their nest for at least 47 days, including the possible time before incubation begins.

Never just assume that a duck’s eggs are dead because that specific breed’s eggs may take longer to hatch than others. (source)

7. Ducks will sit on dead eggs!

duck staying on it's nest

It is not intentional by no means, but in certain scenarios, a duck will sit on dead or infertile eggs. A duck that is sitting on their clutch of eggs essentially believes that the eggs are all viable and will eventually produce a duckling.

The truth is that sometimes one or even all the eggs in a clutch may be cracked, unfertilized or simply have a duckling inside that has stopped developing.

The duck will unknowingly continue to sit on the eggs until she is convinced that they are not going to hatch, often well beyond the average incubation days.

8. Ducks will occasionally eat their own eggs.

Like chickens, on rare occasions, ducks may eat their own eggs or possibly the eggs of other ducks. If a duck stumbles upon a cracked duck egg, it is likely that it will eat the egg.

Sometimes, ducks will intentionally crack and eat duck eggs if they are starving or lacking certain vitamins like calcium.

If you own backyard ducks and have an issue with egg eating, make sure you are supplying your ducks with an adequate supply of calcium.

9. It is illegal to take migratory duck eggs.

Migratory birds are protected because successful egg hatching is essential for the future of their breeds. Therefore, unless you have a special permit, it is illegal and punishable by law to even have migratory duck eggs in your possession.

You are not allowed to remove the migratory duck eggs for any reason. If the duck’s nest is in an unsafe area, contact your local wildlife organization and see if they can help with relocating the nest if possible.(source)

10. Wild ducks may nest in your backyard or on your property!

wild duck hatching

Sometimes, ducks will make their way to your property and set up their nest, especially if you have large ponds or ample food sources on your property. You may stumble upon a duck and its nest well into the egg incubation period.

Keep in mind that this is only temporary and the ducks will be gone before long. If it is unsafe for them to remain on your property, you should call your local wildlife agency for help. Do not attempt to remove them without the proper permit.(source)

11. Hatching can take up to 24 hours.

Somewhere between 26 and 37 days, depending on the duck breed, the ducklings growing inside the eggs will begin moving and hitting the inside of the egg shell in an attempt to break free.

It can take anywhere from 3 to 24 hours for a duckling to successfully emerge from its shell.

12. A brood is the successfully hatched ducklings from a clutch

brood and mother duck

A duck’s clutch is the total number of eggs in a single nesting period, while a brood is the final number of live ducklings that are successfully hatched from that same clutch.

It is always possible that some of the eggs in a clutch will not hatch resulting in a brood that is smaller than the duck’s original clutch of eggs. (source)

Final Thoughts

There is a lot more to duck incubation than a duck simply laying an egg and it miraculously hatches a month later. Ducks must remain dedicated to their nest and their only mission in life during that time is to protect the viability of their eggs at all costs and sometimes even that is not enough. The whole process seems to be a rewarding yet highly stressful part of a duck’s life.

Anthony

Thursday 23rd of September 2021

I have 12 kahki campbells three are male there is a nest in the pen with a little over a dozen eggs in it the ducks free range all day and are only put in the pen at night there’s plenty of room for all of them nest is made of mostly straw and it’s warm in the pen I’ve noticed a few eggs laid in random places or pushed out of the nest should I expect them to sit on the nest or should I discard the eggs the nest has only been there a week and a half.

Ogunnusi ademola taiwo

Thursday 2nd of September 2021

My duck have been sitting on is egg for more than 60day I don't know maybe the egg is fertile. What can I do?

Kim

Monday 19th of July 2021

I have a Muscovy couple who moved in and because I have a pond they decided to stay and raise a family. Mom laid 15 eggs and started sitting faithfully around the 18th of June. She has only come off to eat and drink and back to the nest. I’m concerned that the eggs may not be good today I noticed an odor. She has her nest literally next to the door coming into my kitchen so we have used an alternative way inside the house to give her privacy. She is not bothered by me at all. Will she walk away at some point if the eggs are dead?

Lori lewis

Sunday 20th of June 2021

Our mama duck brought her 4 babies out of the coop that are 5 days old. There are still eggs in the coop. Are they not fertile?

Debbie

Saturday 19th of June 2021

We have one duck egg under a scrub on the side of our house. I discovered it as I was walking down the sidewalk and mama duck took flight. Now I see her and the Dad (I think) in my pool or on the side of the house in the grass. Will this egg hatch? I feel so bad that I scared her.