Cow, Steer, or Heifer? What’s the Big Difference?

There is a big difference between the terms cow, steer, heifer, and bull when it comes to cattle.

Knowing the right terminology for cattle is vital for not only understanding their monetary value but also being able to communicate effectively with other cattle enthusiasts.

Are All Female Cows Heifers?

A cow is a female domesticated bovine that has given birth to one or more calves in their lives while heifers are young female domesticated bovine that are no longer considered calves but have still not had their first calf yet

All female cows are not heifers.

How Can You Tell the Difference Between a Cow and a Heifer?

How Can You Tell the Difference Between a Cow and a Heifer?

You can tell the difference between a cow and a heifer by comparing the size of their bodies and looking at their udders. Cows will be larger overall in size than a heifer because they are older and more mature.

What is a Free Martin?

A free martin is a heifer that is an infertile female bovine that was born alongside a male twin. While in utero, the male’s hormones cause a genetic abnormality in any female twin that results in infertility.